I’ve been looking at DTR and rainfall relationships for Northern and Southern Australia. I’ve also analysed them by winter and summer (southern and northern wet seasons).
I’ve used a different approach. Instead of comparing DTR with rainfall anomalies (differences from the mean) I’ve converted these to percentage differences from the mean rainfall.
Data are from the BOM climate change page, so DTR is based on Acorn. DTR before 1950, and especially before 1932, may be suspect. However the data are useful for this comparison.
Propositions to test:
DTR which is supposed to decrease as a fingerprint of greenhouse warming, is strongly related to rainfall variation.
There is an unexplained increase in DTR around 2001.
In the time series plots below, rainfall has been inverted, so ‘up’ is dry and ‘down’ is wet. The rainfall anomalies are expressed as percentages difference from the mean and scaled down by 50.
Now comparisons during northern wet season (November to April, basically summer), and southern wet season (May to October- winter and spring).
Notice that Southern Australian winters dominate DTR. The impact of rainfall on DTR in Southern Australian winters is twice that in Northern Australian winters, and correlates better as well. Also note that Southern summers have very slightly higher DTR change per rainfall change and slightly better correlation than Northern. No doubt you realise winters up here can’t really be compared with southern winters, being mild and very dry. In many places it is not very difficult to double the mean rainfall in winter with not many millimetres of rain, and zero rain for many months in winter is not unusual.
This plot shows Cusums of DTR and inverted, scaled rainfall.
The turning points line up exactly, including 2001. There is no visible unusual change in 2001. There are however times when the Cusums diverge: 1932, 1958, 1985, and 2003 and 2011.
DTR is strongly related to rainfall variation, especially in southern Australia in winter.
There is no unexplained increase in DTR in 2001.