The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 108- Emerald (Qld)

September 22, 2019

Sunday 22/09/2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications and to No. 92- Logan City for 2018 specifications.

Station: Emerald Airport 35264

Opened: 1981

Daily Temperature data from: 1992

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Barcaldine, Bundaberg, Charters Towers, Longreach, Rockhampton.

Location:   Co-ordinates  -23.5694 148.1756

About 650 km north-west of Brisbane, 240 km west of Rockhampton.

Emerald map

The  BOM site plan 2017 doesn’t tell us much:

Emerald plan2017

But the 2019 Google satellite image is much more revealing:

Emerald aerial

The wider view shows the airport size:

Emerald airport

Emerald is a busy regional airport with jet flights carrying in FIFO workers for the many coal mines of the district.  The screen is only 30 metres from the turning area/apron which has nearly 3 hectares (more than 6 acres) of tarmac.  BOM specifications for screens at airports stipulate a minimum distance of 80 metres from turning areas: the World Meteorological Organisation recommends 150 metres.  This is because starting and turning aircraft must increase throttle to overcome inertia, generating large amounts of propwash or jet exhaust.  This interferes with temperature measurement.  Further, that large area of tarmac absorbs and releases much more thermal energy than grass or soil, also increasing recorded temperature.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all Australian sites not compliant: 14.92%.

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The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 107- Yeppoon (Qld)

September 21, 2019

Saturday 21/09/2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications and to No. 92- Logan City for 2018 specifications.

Station: Yeppoon The Esplanade 33294

Opened: 1993

Daily Temperature data from: 1993

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: —

Location:   Co-ordinates  -23.1364 150.7506

Yeppoon map

About 540km north-north-west of Brisbane, 40km north-east of Rockhampton.

2017 BOM site plan:

Yeppoon plan2017

2019 Google satellite image:

Yeppoon aerial

This is good evidence that the satellite image is not from 2019 but is 18 months to 2 years old, because there is no sign of the Yeppoon Lagoon, a brand new water park and pool which has been built just to the north of the Council offices.

2016 Google street view:

Yeppoon street 2016

The screen is right beside a dirt road and close to a bitumen road, and in a car park- cars can and do park within three metres.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations but not used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all Australian sites not compliant: 14.78%.

Of the 8 checkable stations in Capricornia, 4 are not compliant, and all of these are within 120km of my home.  Grrr!!!

Tomorrow we move inland to the Central Highlands and Coalfields forecast district.  This large region is loosely based on the Fitzroy River catchment, which drains to Great Barrier Reef waters, and that’s the reason I include it in the run up the coast.  The Bowen Basin coalfields cover most of the region and there is extensive cattle grazing and broadacre farming (cotton, sorghum, wheat, chick peas) both irrigated and dryland.

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 106- Rockhampton (Qld)

September 21, 2019

Saturday 21/09/2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications and to No. 92- Logan City for 2018 specifications.

Station: Rockhampton Aero 39083

Opened: 1939

Daily Temperature data from: 1939

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Bundaberg, Mackay, Charters Towers (570km away!)

Location:   Co-ordinates  -23.3753 150.4775

Rocky map

About 525km north-north-west of Brisbane.

2017 BOM site plan:

Rocky plan2017

2019 Google satellite image:

Rocky aerial

Rockhampton is an Acorn site, but the Bureau does not use it for climate analysis because it has been subject to Urban Heat Island effect.  The screen is 35 metres from a large bitumen area- too close- and if used for aircraft start up or turning that is far too close.  But the chief problem is that the instrument area is on a mound built up 1.5 metres above the surrounding area- to keep the instruments clear of flood waters as the airport is built on the Fitzroy flood plain.  This means that on still cold nights in winter, cold air will drain away from the screen and so minimum temperatures reported will be warmer.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all Australian sites not compliant: 14.64%.

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 105- Gladstone Airport (Qld)

September 20, 2019

Friday 20/09/2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications and to No. 92- Logan City for 2018 specifications.

Station: Gladstone Airport  39326

Opened: 1993

Daily Temperature data from: 1993

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Bundaberg, Gayndah, Rockhampton.

Location:   Co-ordinates  -23.8697 151.2214

GladstoneAir map

About 435km north-north-west of Brisbane.

2018 BOM site plan:

GladstoneAir plan2018

2019 Google satellite image:

GladstoneAir aerial

Google satellite image wider view:

Gladstoneair wider

Very poor siting for many reasons:  It is less than 20 metres from a bitumen road, 25 metres from a tarmac aircraft apron, 35 metres from the taxiway.  Suburban houses are 60 metres away.   Railway yards and industrial sheds are 500 metres away.  Gladstone is an industrial city and port producing coal, electricity, alumina, aluminium, and gas, so there is no shortage of UHI.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all Australian sites not compliant: 14.5%.

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 104- Gladstone Radar (Qld)

September 20, 2019

Friday 20/09/2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications and to No. 92- Logan City for 2018 specifications.

Station: Gladstone Radar  39123

Opened: 1957

Daily Temperature data from: 1957

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: —

Location:   Co-ordinates  -23.8553 151.2628

Gladstoneradar map

About 435km north-north-west of Brisbane.

2016 BOM site plan:

Gladstoneradar plan2016

2019 Google satellite image:

Gladstoneradar aerial

The screen is less than 6 metres from trees “to 8m” and less than 40 metres from the radar tower and bitumen surrounds.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations but not used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all Australian sites not compliant: 14.36%.

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 103- Tewantin (Qld)

September 19, 2019

Thursday 19/09/2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications and to No. 92- Logan City for 2018 specifications.

Station: Tewantin RSL Park 40908

Opened: 1995

Daily Temperature data from: 1996

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Gayndah

Location:   Co-ordinates  -26.3911 153.0403

Tewantin map

About 120km north of Brisbane.

2019 BOM site plan:

Tewantin plan2019

2019 Google satellite image:

Tewantin aerial

Google street view 2018:

Tewantin street2018

The screen is far too close to trees, a footpath, bitumen roads and parking areas, and enclosed by a black metal pool fence.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all Australian sites not compliant: 14.23%.

We now leave SEQ and tomorrow will move up the coast to CQ and the Capricornia forecast district.  A summary of non-compliance rates at Queensland sites so far:

Darling Downs and Granite Belt:

9 stations, 1 can’t be checked, 4 probably compliant, 4 not:  50%.

Southeast Coast:

19 stations, 8 not compliant: 42%

Wide Bay and Burnett:

13 stations, 8 not compliant: 61.5%

SEQ sub-total:

40 checkable stations, 20 not compliant: 50%.

I’m embarrassed to be a Queenslander!

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 102- Rainbow Beach (Qld)

September 19, 2019

Thursday 19/09/2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications and to No. 92- Logan City for 2018 specifications.

Station: Rainbow Beach 40856

Opened: 1992

Daily Temperature data from: 1992

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Bundaberg, Cape Moreton.

Location:   Co-ordinates  -25.9007  153.0891

RainbowBch map

About 170km north of Brisbane.

2019 BOM site plan:

RainbowBch plan2019

2019 Google satellite image:

RainbowBch aerial

Between and too close to two bitumen roads, and 15 metres from 8 metre trees (should be 32 metres away).  As well the open ground across the street looks ideal for housing or commercial development in the next few years.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 14.09%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 101- Hervey Bay (Qld)

September 18, 2019

Wednesday 18/09/2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications and to No. 92- Logan City for 2018 specifications.

Station: Hervey Bay Airport 40405

Opened: 1999

Daily Temperature data from: 1999

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Bundaberg, Cape Moreton.

Location:   Co-ordinates   -25.3220 152.8817

HerveyBay map

About 240km north of Brisbane.

2013 BOM site plan:

HerveyBay plan2013

That is the most recent plan, but there are previous site plans, e.g. 2011:

HerveyBay plan2011

This shows the station endangered by erosion from a nearby gully.

From 1999 to 2005 the station was in a different and decidedly non-compliant location, as this 2002 plan shows:

HerveyBay plan2002

2019 Google satellite image:

HerveyBay aerial

The site has been cleared of shrubs and grass and the gully partly filled in.  Note the thicker, greener grass in the gully and near the runway.  The site is not at all representative of the surrounding vegetation.  While the grass is likely to regrow and thicken in time, this means that the site’s micro-climate will change with it.  Before 2006, the station was in a different location very close to trees.

As well, site plans differ as to whether the site is oriented to True or Magnetic North.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 13.95%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 100- Tin Can Bay (Qld)

September 18, 2019

Wednesday 18/09/2019

This post represents a small milestone- the 100th station identified as being non-compliant with Bureau of Meteorology specifications.  Of the 430 sites I have looked at so far, this means over 23% do not comply in some way.

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications and to No. 92- Logan City for 2018 specifications.

Station: Tin Can Bay (Defence) 140010

Opened: 2018

Daily Temperature data from: 2018

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: –

Location:   Co-ordinates   -25.9351 152.9647

TinCanBay map

About 170km north of Brisbane.

2019 BOM site plan:

TinCanBay plan2019

Though this site was supposed to be opened in 2018, there is a 2016 site plan showing it in exactly the same location.

2019 Google satellite image:

TinCanBay aerial

The screen is well away from the trees and bitumen road on the old disused airstrip, but “mostly grassed” means mostly bare soil, compared with the much darker grass between the trees 50 metres north-west.  The site is not at all representative of the surrounding vegetation.  While the grass is likely to regrow and thicken in time, this means that the site’s micro-climate will change with it.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations but not used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 13.81%- but hang around, there are many more stations to check, and I can promise the non-compliance rate will get much, much higher.

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 99- Seventeen Seventy (Qld)

September 17, 2019

Tuesday 17/09/2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications and to No. 92- Logan City for 2018 specifications.

Station: Seventeen Seventy 39314

Opened: 1986

Daily Temperature data from: 1986

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Bundaberg, Brisbane, Gayndah.

Location:   Co-ordinates   -24.1568 151.8889

1770 map

About 390km north-north-west of Brisbane.

2015 BOM site plan:

1770 plan2015

2019 Google satellite image:

1770 aerial

Tupia St is named after Tupia, a Tahitian who was being taken back to Britain by Joseph Banks.  Seventeen Seventy was the second landing point of the Endeavour.

The screen is close to houses, tanks, fences, a rock wall, shrubs and scrub.

Not withstanding the historical significance of the location, this station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 13.67%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 98- Gympie (Qld)

September 17, 2019

Tuesday 17/09/2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications and to No. 92- Logan City for 2018 specifications.

Station: Gympie 40093

Opened: 1870

Daily Temperature data from: 1965

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Bundaberg, Brisbane, Gayndah.

Location:   Co-ordinates   -26.1831  152.6414

Gympie map

About 150km north of Brisbane.

2012 BOM site plan:

Gympie plan2012

2019 Google satellite image:

Gympie aerial

Another sewage treatment plant!

And the screen is close to bitumen roads, a concrete driveway, sullage tanks, sewage treatment pits and a large building.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 13.54%

 

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 97- Sandy Cape (Qld)

September 16, 2019

Monday 16/09/2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications and to No. 92- Logan City for 2018 specifications.

Station: Sandy Cape Lighthouse 39085

Opened: 1871

Daily Temperature data from: 1957

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Bundaberg.

Location:   Co-ordinates   -24.7297 153.2083

SandyCape map

About 310km north of Brisbane.

2019 BOM site plan:

SandyCape plan2019

2019 Google satellite image:

SandyCape aerial

The screen is right beside a concrete slab and a picnic bench; within a few metres of a shed or cottage; within 10 metres of a house and trees; and 15 metres from a 26m tall and wide lighthouse.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 13.4%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 96- Double Island Point (Qld)

September 16, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications and to No. 92- Logan City for 2018 specifications.

Station: Double Island Point Lighthouse 40068

Opened: 1891

Daily Temperature data from: 1957

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Cape Moreton.

Location:   Co-ordinates   -25.9319 153.1906

DblIslandPt map

About 170km north of Brisbane.

Most recent BOM site plan (2010):

DblIslandPt plan2010

In 2010 the station was decidedly non-compliant, with rocks, long grass, and thick undergrowth very close.

2019 Google satellite image:

DblIslandPt aerial

Has it moved?  If so, where?  It is probably in the red circle in the satellite image.  If so it is far too close to trees, buildings, and a carpark.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 13.26%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 95- Lady Elliott Island (Qld)

September 15, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications and to No. 92- Logan City for 2018 specifications.

Station: Lady Elliott Island 39059

Opened: 1939

Daily Temperature data from: 1957

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: —

Location:   Co-ordinates   -24.1116 152.7161

LadyElliott map

About 375km north of Brisbane and 95km north-east of Bundaberg.

BOM site plan 2018:

LadyElliott plan2018

We know it is oriented correctly to True North because the 2013 plan is oriented to Magnetic North, and the airstrip hasn’t changed:

LadyElliott plan2013

2019 Google satellite image:

LadyElliott aerial

Specifications say the screen should be 60 metres from a runway.  This screen is within 30 metres.  There are two signs 20 metres to the west.  And birds nest around the enclosure from October to April.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations but not used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 13.12%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: An Interesting Problem

September 15, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.  Also refer back to No. 92: Logan City for more up to date specifications.

I have been too kind.

I have noticed that nearly all site plans in Queensland have clearly labelled “True North” or “Magnetic North” points- mostly Magnetic.  The BOM 2018 specifications which I have only recently seen say that site plans “should have true north clearly indicated”.  Are Queensland officers not familiar with this requirement (the Logan City 2019 plan shows Magnetic North)?  Or are they super-diligent in identifying non-compliant sites and screens not oriented correctly, and alerting their supervisors to this fact?  In either case, what have Bureau supervisors or management done to rectify the situation?

Meanwhile, what to do?  Is the station non-compliant because of this, or just the site plan?  Unless there are good reasons not to, I will have to give the Bureau the benefit of the doubt- otherwise a large majority of Queensland stations will be automatically non-compliant!

As well, I will from now on much more strictly assess the compliance of airport stations in minimum distance from turning areas, runways, and taxiways; and other stations compliance through distance from “surrounding features out to about 60 m” and “significant features which may affect the microclimate even though the site remains within specification; (eg. ‘Dirt car park 50 m NE asphalted, March 2010’.)”

Later I will go back and reassess some of the stations which have been less rigorously checked.  The number of non-compliant sites is set to soar.

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 94- Sunshine Coast Airport (Qld)

September 15, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.  Also refer back to No. 92: Logan City for more up to date specifications.

Station: Sunshine Coast Airport 40861

Opened: 1994

Daily Temperature data from: 1994

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Gayndah.

Location:   Co-ordinates   Officially -26.5990, 153.0912, actually -26.600529, 153.090348

SunshineCoast map

About 100km north of Brisbane.

BOM site plan 2018:

SunshineCoast plan2018

The previous site was as bad: BOM site plan 2016:

SunshineCoast plan2016

2019 Google satellite image:

SunshineCoast aerial

The screen is close to thick coastal scrub to 0.5 metre, and the enclosure and surrounds to the south is bare sandy dirt.  The previous site (used to adjust Gayndah) was also non-compliant, being very close to 2 to 4 metre shrubs and on a raised mound.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 12.98%

After completing the Darling Downs & Granite Belt and Southeast Coast districts, it seems that Queensland stations are the worst- so far anyway.  Of the 29 stations, one (Wellcamp Airport) I can’t find.  Of the remaining 28, 11 are not compliant.  That’s 39%!

Wellcamp (541150) is a private airport and not mentioned in Climate Data Online, so there is no information about it.  If there is anyone near Toowoomba who can find where the station is, maybe take a photo and get the GPS co-ordinates, it would be a big help and much appreciated.

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 93- Point Lookout (Qld)

September 14, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.  Also refer back to No. 92: Logan City for more up to date specifications.

Station: Point Lookout 40209

Opened: 1997

Daily Temperature data from: 1997

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: —

Location:   Co-ordinates   -27.4361 153.5456

PtLookout map

About 50km east of Brisbane CBD.

BOM site plan 2017:

PtLookout plan2017

2019 Google satellite image:

PtLookout aerial

2016 Google street view: (photo by Rodney Appleby)

PtLookout street2016

The screen is closely surrounded by thick shrubs and trees and large areas of bare rock.  It is also oriented to Magnetic North, not True North.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations but not used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 12.85%

 

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 92- Logan City (Qld)

September 14, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.  I have also found “Meteorological Observations and Reports Instrument Siting Requirements” published in 2018, which reinforces these specifications and adds some detail which I may have overlooked, such as:

At airports, the minimum distance from the instrument enclosure is:

Turing areas and aprons   80m
Runways   60m
Taxiways   30m.

Also, the site plan should show “surrounding features out to about 60 metres”, true north should be clearly identified, and “significant features which may affect the microclimate even though the site remains within specification; (eg. ‘Dirt car park 50 m NE asphalted, March 2010’.)”

I need to go back to check many stations I had originally passed as compliant!

Station: Logan City Water Treatment Plant 40854

Opened: 1992

Daily Temperature data from: 1992

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Gayndah, Cape Moreton, Amberley.

Location:   Co-ordinates   -27.6839 153.1947

Logan map

About 28km south-east of Brisbane CBD.

BOM site plan 2019:

Logan plan2019

2019 Google satellite image:

Logan aerial

Wider view:

Logan wider

Interestingly, the site plan shows the site oriented to Magnetic North, not True North, so presumably the screen is not facing True North either, which immediately makes this station non-compliant.  Apart from that, the site has short grass cover and is open, on a small slope.  However, it is 30 metres from a 25 metre water tower when it should be 100 metres away (four times the height), 15 metres from a 12 metre tree, when it should be 48 metres.   Also, it has a large industrial and commercial area with acres of bitumen and steel roofing to the north and west and the water treatment plant to the south and east.  This is likely to affect temperatures.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 12.71%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 91- Greenbank (Defence) (Qld)

September 13, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Greenbank (Defence) 140009

Opened: 2018

Daily Temperature data from: 2018

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: —

Location:   Co-ordinates   -27.6932 152.9935

Greenbank map

About 25km south of Brisbane CBD.

BOM site plan 2018:

Greenbank plan2018

2019 Google satellite image:

Greenbank aerial

Where is the station?  I’ve looked all around the area in Google Maps but it’s so well camouflaged I can’t find it.  If you can, let me know.

However, it is plainly obvious that this brand new station was not compliant from the start, and then has been subject to massive change, as this wider Google satellite view shows:

Greenbank wider

It was originally in a clearing in the bush.  In the past year the ADF has developed this base into what appears to be a driver training course with bitumen roads everywhere.  The screen is somewhere there- perhaps a mobile screen.  Who knows?

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations but not used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 12.57%

(That means at least one in eight BOM stations does not comply with specifications- and counting.)

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 90- Gold Coast Seaway (Qld)

September 13, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Gold Coast Seaway 40764

Opened: 1987

Daily Temperature data from: 1992

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: —

Location:   Co-ordinates   -27.9390  153.4283

GoldCoast map.jpg

About 60km south-east of Brisbane.

The surrounding  vegetation of this site has changed a great deal over the years.

BOM site plan 2000:

GoldCoast plan2000

Site plan 2007:

GoldCoast plan2007

2011:

GoldCoast plan2011

2013:

GoldCoast plan2013

2014:

GoldCoast plan2014

2016:

GoldCoast plan2016

2019 Google satellite image:

GoldCoast aerial

There appears to be less grass cover inside the enclosure, and a narrow but thick patch of scrub is adjacent to the east.

Street view 2017:

GoldCoast street2017

The enclosure is level and bare, but immediately outside is not.  Vegetation has grown, died, been chipped, new shrubs grown.  Breezes are from the south-east to north-east for most of the year.  Vegetation changes will affect airflow and therefore temperature recordings.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations but not used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 12.43%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 89- Cape Moreton (Qld)

September 12, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Cape Moreton Lighthouse 40043

Opened: 1869

Daily Temperature data from: 1910

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Gayndah (1960), Yamba (1939)

It is interesting that much closer sites (Brisbane Airport and Amberley) have not used this site for adjustments, nor even for data comparison.  The adjustments to Gayndah and Yamba were before a 50 metre site move in 1995, which apparently had “little impact on temperatures”.

Location:   Co-ordinates   -27.0314 153.4661

CapeMoreton map

About 65km north-east of Brisbane.

BOM site plan 2016:

CapeMoreton plan2016

 

2019 Google satellite image:

CapeMoreton aerial

Current site photograph in Acorn Station Catalogue:

CapeMoreton BOMphoto

Note how close the vehicle on the bitumen driveway is to the screen, and that vegetation right up to the screen has not been trimmed to a few centimetres.  The screen is also close to a hut.

This station is an Acorn site but is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at other Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 12.29%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 88- Beaudesert (Qld)

September 12, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Beaudesert Drumley Street 40983

Opened: 2007

Daily Temperature data from: 2007

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: —

Location:   Co-ordinates   -27.9707 152.9898

Beaudesert map

About 50km south of Brisbane.

BOM site plan 2017:

Keep an eye on the large red oblongs.

Beaudesert plan2017

2015 site plan:

Beaudesert plan2015

2010 site plan:

Beaudesert plan2010

The site has changed drastically.  Since 2010 a large solar array has appeared; since 2015 new buildings have appeared 10 metres away.  But here’s the best part:

2019 Google satellite image:

Beaudesert aerial

It’s another sewage treatment plant- nice and warm.  Note the nearby buildings, equipment, and vehicles.

2014 street view:

Beaudesert street2014

The buildings have gone up since then.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations but not used to adjust data at other Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 12.15%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 87- Miles (Qld)

September 11, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Miles Constance Street 42112

Opened: 1997

Daily Temperature data from: 1997

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: —

Location:   Co-ordinates   -26.6569 150.1819

Miles map

About 300km north-west of Brisbane.

BOM site plan 2018:

Miles plan2018

2014 site plan:

Miles plan2014

2019 Google satellite image:

Miles aerial

The screen is close to a large area of bare dirt, and since 2014 the surroundings have changed from long grass.  There is a wood fence 20 to 30 metres away on two sides, and a motel with what appears to be a row of dongas to the south-west.

This station is an Acorn site but is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations but apparently not used to adjust data at other Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 12.02%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 86- Texas (Qld)

September 11, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Texas Post Office 41100

Opened: 1897

Daily Temperature data from: 1969

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Inverell, Moree, St. George.

Location:   Co-ordinates   -28.8544 151.1681

Texas map

About 240km south-west of Brisbane.

BOM site plan 2017:

Texas plan2017

2005 site plan:

Texas plan2005

2019 Google satellite image:

Texas aerial

The screen is close to a bitumen carpark and almost underneath a large tree.  The site has changed over the years with different buildings and trees growing.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 11.88%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 85- Stanthorpe (Qld)

September 10, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Stanthorpe 41095

Opened: 1873

Daily Temperature data from: 1957

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Amberley, Inverell.

Location:   Co-ordinates   -28.6617 151.9339

Stanthorpe map

About 170km south-west of Brisbane.

BOM site plan 2017:

Stanthorpe plan2017

2019 Google satellite image:

Stanthorpe aerial

2008 Google street view:

Stanthorpe street2008

2015 Google street view (photo by Tourism Queensland):

Stanthorpe street2015

From a different position:

Stanthorpe street2015 2

The screen is on a slope, 15 metres from a bitumen road, near large areas of bare rock, and in a tiny enclosure of a black powder-coated metal fence (which looks to be painted white in the satellite photo).

Stanthorpe takes turns with Applethorpe for being the coldest place in Queensland in summer and winter, but temperatures from here may be unreliable.

But this is a great site compared with the location in 1998!

Stanthorpe plan1998

And temperatures from the old site are used to adjust Amberley and Inverell in 1964 and 1961.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 11.74%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 84- Applethorpe (Qld)

September 10, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Applethorpe 41175

Opened: 1965

Daily Temperature data from: 1966

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Miles.

Location:   Co-ordinates   -28.6217 151.9533

Applethorpe map

About 165km south-west of Brisbane.

BOM site plan 2017:

Applethorpe plan2017

2019 Google satellite image:

Applethorpe aerial

2019 Google wider view:

Applethorpe wider

The screen is within a few metres of a 2 metre hedge and a 6 metre tree, with more trees nearby.  It is also 30 metres from a three hectare orchard which is probably irrigated, and covered with hail cloth.  Applethorpe (with nearby Stanthorpe) is the coldest place in Queensland in summer and winter.  The nearby cloth covered orchard is likely to keep the site warmer at night.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 11.6%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: Taking Stock

September 9, 2019

We are now more than half way through checking how well Australia’s weather observation stations comply with the Bureau of Meteorology’s own specifications.  I have finished New South Wales.

Of the 394 stations checked so far (less a few I couldn’t find or check) 83 are definitely not compliant with BOM specifications: that’s 21%.  There are a further 33 doubtful ones that I will check again later.  New South Wales is the worst.  Of 172 stations, 48 are non-compliant:  27.9%.

Here’s an update to the post on Barraba.  Reader Glen took some photos of the old and new sites at Barraba.  The old site first:

Barraba old

The screen has gone but the incinerator is still there!

The new:

Barraba new picture

This is an example of as good a site as you’ll get in a town area.  It’s 15 – 20 metres from a little used dirt track, flat, with short grass, and no nearby obstructions.  However, when the drought breaks and the grass grows, will it be maintained and the grass kept trimmed to a few centimetres; will it be free from horses rubbing on it; will it be free from wasp nests?  We hope so.

Next up, Queensland, my home state.  I will probably start with the Darling Downs and Granite Belt and the Southeast Coast which are the most densely populated regions (and where the worst bushfires are) then head up the coast looking at catchments feeding into the Great Barrier Reef lagoon.  After that I will continue up the Cape and out west.

 

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 83- Lightning Ridge (NSW)

September 9, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Lightning Ridge Visitor Information Centre 48243

Opened: 1997

Daily Temperature data from: 1997

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Bourke, Moree, St George.

Location:   Co-ordinates   -29.4310 147.9722

LightningRidge map

About 590km north-west of Sydney, 540km south-west of Brisbane.

2019 Google satellite image:

LightningRidge aerial

BOM site plan 2019:

LightningRidge plan2019

Street view 2008:

LightningRidge street2008

Street view 2015 (photo by Marcus Ellem):

LightningRidge street2015

A few metres from a bitumen/ gravel parking area, with a gravel path lined with rocks beside the screen, and near many large rocks.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 11.46%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 82- Collarenebri (NSW)

September 9, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Collarenebri 48031

Opened: 1884

Daily Temperature data from: 1965

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Bourke, Charleville, St George, Thargomindah, Walgett.

Location:   Co-ordinates   -29.5406 148.5817

Collarenbri map

About 550km north-west of Sydney, 490km south-west of Brisbane.

2019 Google satellite image:

Collarenbri aerial

BOM site plan 2016:

Collarenbri plan2016

Landscaping of the site occurred after 2003 with the building of a new house.

Street view 2008:

Collarenbri street

The site is not level, with the screen close to mounds of dirt and gravel of different colours, a wooden bridge, a “moat” lined with rocks.  Other rocks are scattered around, and there are large areas of bare dirt.  It is across the road from a large cultivation.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 11.33%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 81- Brewarrina (NSW)

September 8, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Brewarrina 48015

Opened: 1872

Daily Temperature data from: 1965

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Bourke, St George, Thargomindah, Walgett.

Location:   Co-ordinates   -29.9614 146.8651

Brewarrina map

About 600km north-west of Sydney, 660km south-west of Brisbane.

2019 Google satellite image:

Brewarrina aerial

BOM site plan 2015:

Brewarrina plan2015

In 2002 the screen was moved “as a temporary measure” to its current position 17 years later, when a new nurses’ accommodation was built right beside it:

Brewarrina plan2002

Site plans also show how nearby trees have grown, been trimmed, and removed over the years.

Not as bad as some, but the screen is within 10 metres of a building and concrete path, 20 metres from a levee bank, and the presence of “lawn” in the dry outback indicates the area has been at times watered.  As well, the station has changed substantially over the years.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 11.19%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 80- Pooncarrie (NSW)

September 8, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Pooncarrie 47029

Opened: 1882

Daily Temperature data from: 2002

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Mildura.

Location:   Co-ordinates   -33.3856 142.5696

Pooncarrie map

About 800km west of Sydney, 550km north-west of Melbourne, 400km north-east of Adelaide.

BOM site plan 2018:

Pooncarrie plan2018

 

2019 Google satellite image:

Pooncarrie aerial

Not too bad- apart from the corrugated iron fence 5 metres to the west, the 2 metre steel fence 20 metres to the east, the shed and chook pen and other buildings, and trees.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 11.05%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 79- Menindee (NSW)

September 7, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Menindee 47019

Opened: 1876

Daily Temperature data from: 1959

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Maree, Oodnadatta, Wilcannia, Tibooburra

Location:   Co-ordinates  -32.3937 142.4173

Menindee map

About 800km west of Sydney, 650km north-west of Melbourne, 460km north-east of Adelaide.

BOM site plan 2018:

Menindee plan2018

The site moved to this location in 2009.

2019 Google satellite image:

Menindee aerial

Street view 2008:

Menindee street

The police station and post office on either side, plus a shed, solid fences on two sides, a concrete path to the front, 15 metres from a 20 metre wide bitumen road, and the site is watered (note the green grass above).

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 10.91%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 78- Lake Victoria (NSW)

September 7, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Lake Victoria 47016

Opened: 1922

Daily Temperature data from: 1966

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Mildura.

Location:   Co-ordinates  -34.0438, 141.2676

LakeVictoria map

About 900km west of Sydney, 550km north-west of Melbourne, 270km north-east of Adelaide.

BOM site plan 2018:

LakeVictoria plan2018

The site moved to this location in 2009.

2019 Google satellite image:

LakeVictoria aerial

The enclosure and vicinity are bare dirt- no vegetation at all, not representative of the surrounding area.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 10.77%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 77- Balranald (NSW)

September 6, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Balranald RSL 49002

Opened: 1879

Daily Temperature data from: 1965

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Mildura.

Location:   Co-ordinates  -34.6398 143.5610

Balranald map

About 700km west-south-west of Sydney, 380km north-west of Melbourne.

BOM site plan 2018:

Balranald plan2018

The site plans go back to 1949 and reveal at least three different locations.

2019 Google satellite image:

Balranald aerial

This site has colorbond fences surrounding the screen, buildings all around, and a tree to the northwest that has grown from 10 metres to 15 metres.  The gardens in the southwest corners had weeds to one metre tall in some inspections.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 10.64%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 76- Hillston (NSW)

September 6, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Hillston Airport 75032

Opened: 1881

Daily Temperature data from: 1957

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Wilcannia.

Location:   Co-ordinates  -33.4915  145.5248

Hilston map

About 530km west of Sydney.

BOM site plan 2018:

Hilston plan2018

2019 Google satellite image:

Hilston aerial

The screen is close to a concrete septic tank, and close to a bitumen apron, a steel hangar, and a gravel driveway.  Much of the surrounding natural vegetation has been removed by vehicle movement.  Trees to 8 metres are 20 metres away.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 10.5%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 75- Griffith (NSW)

September 5, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Griffith Airport 75041

Opened: 1960

Daily Temperature data from: 1970

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Wagga Wagga, West Wyalong, Wilcannia.

Location:   Co-ordinates  -34.2487  146.0695

Griffith map

About 475km west of Sydney.

BOM site plan 2018:

Griffith plan2018

2019 Google satellite image:

Griffith aerial

Looks OK- but earlier plans show how the site has changed.  2012:

Griffith plan2012

2016:

Griffith plan2016

2017:

Griffith plan2017

The instrument area has changed, from bare dusty ground with all vegetation removed by spraying, to patchy grass to 1 metre, to grass to 20cm.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 10.36%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 74- Deniliquin (NSW)

September 5, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Deniliquin Airport 74258

Opened: 1997

Daily Temperature data from: 1997

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Rutherglen, Mildura.

Location:   Co-ordinates  -35.5575  144.9458

Deniliquin map

About 600km south-west of Sydney and 250km north of Melbourne.

BOM site plan 2016:

Deniliquin plan2016

Wheat fields again- varying from bare ground when sprayed out, to lush and growing fast, to 60cm at maturity (September- October).   Other crops will be different.  The surrounding vegetation is always changing, so the instrument enclosure is rarely representative.  Satellite images show the surrounding farm land.

2019 Google satellite image:

Deniliquin aerial

And a wider view:

Deniliquin wider

But that is not the only problem, as the 2012 site plan shows:

Deniliquin plan2012

The screen is aligned to magnetic north, not True north- an elementary mistake, so the sun’s rays will strike at different angles to the standard throughout the day and seasons, and also winds will pass through the screen at different angles, so temperature will not be reliable.

And this is an ACORN station!

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

Percentage of all sites not compliant: 10.22%

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: Progress Report

September 4, 2019

I am half way through my self-imposed task of checking how well Australia’s weather observation stations comply with the Bureau of Meteorology’s own specifications.

There are 724 stations reporting daily temperatures not including far offshore islands.  I have so far identified 73 that obviously do not comply: that is 10 percent out of 724 and 20.3% of the 359 I have so far checked.  From now on I will show the percentage non-compliant with each new one found.

(There are a further 28 that are doubtful and I will look more closely at these later- for now I’m picking the low-hanging fruit.)

There are a number of stations included in the count but which I cannot check because they are not where the co-ordinates say they should be and the screen cannot be found.  There are also several for which there is no site information at all, mostly because of security at defence bases or the Lucas Heights nuclear facility- so the percentage non-compliant is certainly higher.

If the remaining stations stay true to form, the non-compliance rate is likely to be around 20%: that is one in five.  Stay tuned!

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 73- Tumbarumba (NSW)

September 4, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Tumbarumba 72043

Opened: 1885

Daily Temperature data from: 1965

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Cabramurra

Location:  Co-ordinates  -35.7780  148.0122

Tumbarumba map

About 360km south-west of Sydney.

BOM site plan 2019:

Tumbarumba plan2019

2019 Google satellite image:

Tumbarumba aerial

The screen looks to be much closer to the driveway and Pound Lane than the site plan indicates.  In any case it is too close to asphalt, buildings, and a steel fence.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 72- Gundagai (NSW)

September 4, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Gundagai 73141

Opened: 1995

Daily Temperature data from: 1995

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Canberra, Wagga Wagga, West Wyalong.

Location:

Co-ordinates  -35.0640  148.0986

Gundagai map

About 360km south-west of Sydney.

BOM site plan 2017:

Gundagai plan2015

2019 Google satellite image:

Gundagai aerial

Street view 2017: (by Hamed Moqadasi)

Gundagai street

The objects indicated with arrows are sprinklers mounted on old lawn mower bases, so the site is irrigated.  The screen is also close to a playground with rubber softfall, and a large area of bitumen at the caravan park entrance.  It is close to buildings and trees, and 30 metres from a swimming pool.

This station is non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 71- Katoomba (NSW)

September 3, 2019

Another station in the process of moving.

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Katoomba 63039

Opened: 1885

Daily Temperature data from: 1957

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: —

Location:

The BOM site information page says the station is at Farnell’s Rd, with co-ordinates -33.7139 150.2953.  The 2019 satellite image has no screen visible at this location, but it may be there by now.  The old site is here:

Co-ordinates  -33.712157 150.308663

First, the map:

Katoomba map

About 60km west of Sydney.

BOM site plan 2017:

Katoomba plan2017

2019 Google satellite image:

Katoomba aerial

Street view 2015:

Katoomba street2015

Earlier in 2019 the screen was as shown in the above images.  The new site is about a kilometre to the west, probably on the spare block indicated.  If so, that’s a much better site- but for how long?  Only until the owner builds a house there, then the trouble starts all over again.

Katoomba move

The old site has to be a contender for the worst siting in Australia- on a slope, near buildings, very close to concrete paths and driveway, a few metres from a bitumen street, with vegetation much more than a few centimetres.  How long until the new site is also non-compliant?

This station is grossly non-compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations but thankfully not used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 70- Peak Hill (NSW)

September 3, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Peak Hill 50031

Opened: 1890

Daily Temperature data from: 1965

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Bourke, Cobar, Dubbo.

Location: Co-ordinates  -32.7235  148.1902

PeakHill map

About 310km north-west of Sydney.

BOM site plan 2014:

PeakHill plan201

2019 Google satellite image:

PeakHill aerial

Street view 2010:

PeakHill street

The screen is in a backyard bordered by a 2 metre wooden paling fence and surrounded by nearby buildings.

This station is not compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 69- Parkes (NSW)

September 2, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Parkes Airport 65068

Opened: 1941

Daily Temperature data from: 1997

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Dubbo.

Location: Co-ordinates  -33.1281 148.2428

Parkes map

About 290km north-west of Sydney.

BOM site plan 2018:

Parkes plan 2018

2019 Google satellite image:

Parkes aerial

(The screen is in the small red circle.)

Wider view:

Parkes wider

The screen is about 25 metres from a large cultivated paddock to the north-west.  This farm land will vary from year to year from bare ground, ploughed ground, emerging crop, mature crop, to harvested crop, depending on the seasons once, twice or not at all every year.

This station is not compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 68- Nyngan (NSW)

September 2, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Nyngan 51039

Opened: 1879

Daily Temperature data from: 1959

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at: Bourke, Cobar, Dubbo.

Location: Co-ordinates   -31.5495 147.1961

Nyngan map

About 460km north-west of Sydney.

BOM site plan 2015:

Nyngan plan2015

 

2019 Google satellite image:

Nyngan aerial

(The screen is in the small red circle.)

The screen is right beside a large area of bare dirt from vehicle tracks.

This station is not compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 67- Warra (Tas)

September 1, 2019

BillinOz has prompted me to go back and check this site in Tasmania which I had overlooked.  Tony Heller noticed some strange temperatures here.

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Warra 97024

Opened: 2004

Daily Temperature data from: 2004

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at:  —

Location: Co-ordinates   -43.0609 146.7040

Warra map

About 50km south-west of Hobart.

BOM site plan 2016:

Warra plan 2016

2019 Google satellite image:

Warra aerial

(The screen is in the small red circle.)

A wider view:

Warra wider

Warra is in an area of forest that has been clear-felled for timber.  There are bare patches of ground, stumps and logs, and areas of rapidly growing regrowth.  The area surrounding this station is always changing, and the high temperatures Tony Heller found may possibly have been due to burning off.  The BOM plans from 2004, 2011, and 2014 show how the eucalypt saplings have grown (and compare with the 2016 heights of 3-4 metres):

Warra plan 2004

Warra plan 2011

Warra plan 2014

From 1-2m to 4-7m in 10 years.  Gum tree saplings love a clearing caused by cutting or fire.  Apart from the gravel road right beside the screen, the site has been changing over the past 15 years, and in any case saplings “<3m” inside the 20 metre rings are hardly vegetation trimmed to a few centimetres.

This station is not compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations but not used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL

The Wacky World of Weather Stations: No. 66- Dunedoo (NSW)

September 1, 2019

Please refer back to my first post for site specifications.

Station: Dunedoo 64009

Opened: 1912

Daily Temperature data from: 1965

Data used to adjust Acorn sites at:  Walgett, Dubbo, Scone.

Location: Co-ordinates   -32.0165 149.3956

Dunedoo map

About 270km north-north-west of Sydney.

BOM site plan 2013:

Dunedoo plan2013

 

2019 Google satellite image:

Dunedoo aerial(The screen is in the small red circle.)

Google street view 2010:

Dunedoo street2008

Close to buildings only a few metres away, behind a high fence, beside a dirt driveway and close to a bitumen road.

This station is not compliant, with temperatures reported at Latest Weather Observations and used to adjust data at Acorn sites.

FAIL